Hand Mudras: An introduction

Hand Mudras Introduction

Mudra is a Sanskrit word which means gesture and symbol. The practice of some mudras involves the entire body and some need only the hands, like in Hand Mudras. These mudras heal and stimulate different parts of the body. Apart from that it also channels our life energy, which is also known as prana.

Mudras are also used in some forms of dance and martial arts.

In Yoga, there are 5 categories of mudras.

  1. Hasta (Hand Mudras)
  2. Mana (Head Mudras)
  3. Kaya (Postural Mudras)
  4. Bandha (Lock Mudras)

In this article, we will only talk about Hasta Mudras. If you also want to know about the other mudras, please mention it in the comment section. I will write a different post about each one of them.

Hand Symbols is also known as Hasta Mudras. These words are from Sanskrit, where hasta means hand and mudras means gesture or symbol. Hand Gestures are part of Yoga. For practising the different gestures(mudras), we use our fingers and thumb.

Also Read: Thought Of The Day In Hindi

Benefits Of Hand Mudras

There are a lot of health benefits of performing hand seals. It helps in relieving stress, pain, improves brain activity. Some people also claimed that it helped them curing their decease. I used some of these hand gestures to cure my anxiety.

Further, in this post, I will share the benefits of each mudra and in which diseases you should perform them.

Hasta Mudras: Body and Mind Connection

Hasta Mudras

In yoga, it is mentioned that every part of our body and mind is connected to different points in our hand. It is similar to like Acupressure, reflexology and acupuncture. These pressure points are activated when we apply pressure on them by performing the mudras, and hence it helps to heal the body.

These gestures connect the mind with the body and the life force flows from each and every chakra.

Hasta Mudras: The elements at your fingertips

Hasta Mudras: The elements at your fingertips

According to Hindu Vedas, this whole universe is made up of five main elements. These elements are Water, Air, Ether or Sky, Fire and Earth. The human body is also made up of these five elements. These elements are known as panchamahabhutas.

The four fingers and the thumb of our hand represent these panchamahabhutas.

Why We Get Sick?

Why We Get Sick

According to Ayurveda, there are two main reasons for getting sick.

  1. Diet Against The Season: When we take a diet which is not according to the season.
  2. When our lifestyle is against our Prakriti or body types. Different Prakriti of a person is Vata, Pitta or Kapha.

Now we will talk about some of the common Hand Seals, their benefits and how to perform them.

Common Hasta Mudras

1. Linga Mudra

In Hinduism, linga means male genital organ. Performing this mudra will increase the body heat because the thumb is associated with the fire element.

Steps To Do:

  • Sit comfortably on the floor or on a chair.
  • Interlock all fingers of the left and right hand together.
  • Erect the left-hand thumb, so that it would be pointing to the ceiling.
  • Encircle the left thumb with right-hand thumb and index finger.
  • Meditate on your fire element.

Time Duration:

  • This hand mudra should not be performed for a long period of time.
  • You can practice it for 5-15 minutes a day.
  • You can even split into 3 sessions of 5 minutes each in a day.

Benefits:

  • Hypothermia – shivering and chills due to cold weather can be controlled.
  • Ailments caused by overproduction of mucus such as wet cough, cold, sinusitis etc. can be cured.
  • Asthma, bronchitis, T.B., pleurisy are cured.
  • The discomfort experienced in an air-conditioned room is relieved by this mudra.
  • Increases digestive powers and also melts excess fat in the body. Give better results when performed together with Surya mudra – both 15 minutes each, one after the other.
  • Difficulty in breathing can be relieved by this mudra.
  • The congested nose can be relieved by this mudra immediately and one can get good sleep.
  • Regulates the flow of the menstrual cycle. Give better results when performed together with Surya mudra – both 15 minutes each, one after the other.
  • When navel centre is shifted from its original place, comes back to its place by this mudra.

Caution:

  • You should not perform this hand gesture for a longer period.
  • Do it only when neede.

2. Ganesh Mudra

Ganesha is one of the God in Hindu Mythology. Hindu start every work by praying to Ganesha. He removes all obstacles from our paths.

Steps To Do:

  • Sit down on a chair or on the floor.
  • Be relaxed and calm.
  • Now bring both of your hands in front of the chest.
  • Elbows should be bent.
  • Direct right palm towards the chest.
  • The left palm should be facing outwards.
  • Interlock all the fingers of the right hand with the left-hand fingers.
  • Now take a deep breath and then exhale.
  • While exhaling, try to pull both hands apart while all fingers are locked.
  • Repeat this process six times.
  • Now interchange both hands position.
  • Sit in this position as long as you can.

Time Duration:

  • Practice this hand mudra for six minutes a day for the best results.
  • This mudra can be practised for 15 to 45 minutes a day.
  • You can practice it at any time of the day.

Benefits:

  • Relives tension and stress.
  • It’s good for shoulder pain and stomach.
  • Lifts the spirits of the person.
  • It can help you to boost your confidence.

Caution:

  • Pregnant ladies should avoid this mudra.

3. Gyan Mudra

Gyan mudra is also known as Jnana mudra or chin mudra. It is one of the most common mudras used in meditation. Gyan is a Hindi word which means knowledge or wisdom.

Steps To Do:

  • Sit down in a comfortable pose.
  • Touch the tip of your thumb to the tip of your index finger.
  • All the other fingers should be straight.
  • Rest your hands on your thighs.
  • Palms should be facing upwards.
  • Do the deep breathing meditation with this mudra for more benefits.

Time Duration:

  • Practice this hand seal for 15 to 45 minutes a day for best results.
  • It can be practised at any time of the day.

Benefits:

  • Improves memory and concentration power.
  • Helps in reducing stress and depression.
  • Controls the emotional state of a person.
  • Very beneficial for Insomnia and stress management.

4. Varuna Mudra

According to Hindu mythology, Varuna is the god of rain and other water sources. This mudra helps to increase the water level in our body.

Steps To Do:

  • Sit down on a chair or on floor.
  • Now touch the tip of your little finger with the tip of your thumb.
  • Apply gentle pressure.
  • Use both hands for best results.
  • While performing it, concentrate on your breathing.

Time Duration:

  • It’s recommended to practice for 15 to 45 minutes per day.
  • You can even split it into 3 seasons of 5 minutes each.
  • Can be done at any time of the day.

Benefits:

  • Helps in balancing the water content in the body.
  • Helps to revive dehydrated cells tissues and other ligaments.
  • Improves digestion.
  • It brings a glow to the face.
  • It also cures itching.
  • Prevents from dryness of the mouth and heals cracked lips.
  • It cures Anaemia and Cramps.
  • Good for pimples.
  • Solves the problem of eye dryness.

5. Kubera Mudra

Kuber is the Hindu god of wealth. Some say it attracts wealth. I am sure you guys will love this mudra.

Steps To Do:

  • Sit down on floor or chair.
  • Now join the tip of your middle finger, index finger and thumb together.
  • Close all the other fingers, so that they are touching the centre of the palm.
  • Use both hands to perform this mudra
  • Like other mudras, concentrate on your breathing and meditate.

Time Duration:

  • Practice it for 15 to 45 minutes.
  • You can even split it and do it 3 times a day for five minutes.

Benefits:

  • Develops concentration power.
  • Leads to complete relaxation, confidence and peacefulness of mind.

6. Prithvi Mudra

Prithvi means earth, This mudra is related to the earth element. Sometimes it is also known as Agni Shaamak Mudra.

Steps To Do:

  • Sit down on yoga mat or on a chair.
  • You can close your eyes.
  • touch the tip of your ring finger to the tip of the thumb.
  • Apply gentle pressure.
  • Keep all the other fingers straight.
  • You can relax the back of your hand on your knees. You can do this for almost every mudra.

Time Duration:

  • It can be performed for 15-45 minutes every day.
  • You can also split into 3 sessions of 5 minutes each for a day.
  • This mudra can be performed at any time and anywhere.

Benefits:

  • It helps reducing blood sugar level.
  • It increases vitamin consumption in the body.
  • Prevents hair loss.
  • It helps to heal the ulcer.
  • Improves the concentration of the mind.
  • Very helpful in fever and jaundice.
  • Makes the skin glow.

Benefits:

  • People with Kapha dominant body should avid this mudra.

7. Mukula Mudra

Mukula Mudra is also known as Beak Hand Mudra. This Mudra is very beneficial for mental and physical health. It is one of the efficient healing mudras. To clean the body from toxin, practice this mudra with an empty stomach. We can direct the energy to the exact part of the body.

Steps To Do:

  • Sit in a comfortable position.
  • Relax
  • Now place the tip of all four fingers on the thumb.
  • After a few minutes, you will feel energy building up on the fingertips.
  • Now you can use this energy to heal any part of your body.
  • For that, you need to just touch your fingertips with that body part.
  • Use both hands.
  • You can perform this mudra5 minutes before every meal to eliminate toxins from the body.
  • It will also help in cleaning the chakra.

Time Duration:

  • Practice every day for 5 to 10 minutes, then place the fingertips on the body part which needs healing.
  • You can also practice this mudra for 5 minutes 5 times a day.

Benefits:

  • Can cure a body part or organ by directing the energy towards it.
  • Very good for concentration and meditation.
  • Removes negative energy.
  • Improves the immune system.
  • It is said that it can cure any type of disease.

These were some common hand gestures. Now I am going to provide you with a complete list of different mudras according to body parts and by benefits.

List Of Hand Mudras

List OF Hand Mudras By Benefits

Hand Mudras For Brain:

  1. Gyan/Jnana/Chin Mudra
  2. Hakini mudra
  3. Bhairava Mudra
  4. Dharmachakra Mudra
  5. Prithivi Mudra
  6. Pushan Mudra
  7. Makra Mudra
  8. Kalesvara Mudra
  9. Naga Mudra
  10. Mukula Mudra
  11. Anjali Mudra
  12. Back Mudra

Hand Mudra For Ears:

  1. Shunya Mudra
  2. Akash Mudra

Hand Mudras For Eyes:

  1. Vayan Mudra
  2. Rudra Mudra
  3. Prana Mudra
  4. Apana Vayu Mudra
  5. Varun Mudra

Hand Mudras For Nose:

  1. Prana Mudra
  2. Linga Mudra
  3. Shiva Linga Mudra
  4. Shankh Mudra
  5. Vayu Mudra
  6. Bronchial Mudra

Hand Mudras For Tooth:

  1. Aakash Mudra
  2. Apana Mudra
  3. Apana Vayu Mudra

Hand Mudras For Lips:

  1. Varuna Mudra
  2. Prithivi Mudra

Hand Mudras For Throat:

  1. Shankh Mudra
  2. Shunya MUdra
  3. Bronchial Mudra

Hand Mudras For Thyroid Gland:

  1. Surabhi Mudra
  2. Shunya mudra
  3. Surya Mudra

Hand Mudras For Lungs:

  1. Bronchial Mudra
  2. Shankh Mudra
  3. Linga Mudra
  4. Prana Mudra
  5. Ksepana Mudra

Hand Mudras For Heart:

  1. Apana Vayu Mudra
  2. Aakash Mudra
  3. Matangi Mudra
  4. Bhairava Mudra

Hand Mudras For Stomach:

  1. Vayu Mudra
  2. Surabhi Mudra
  3. Apana Mudra
  4. Matangi Mudra
  5. Shakti Mudra
  6. Ganesha Mudra
  7. Pushan Mudra
  8. Makara Mudra
  9. Surya Mudra
  10. Kanishtha Mudra
  11. Bhairava Mudra
  12. Varuna Mudra

Hand Mudras For Liver:

  1. Matangi Mudra
  2. Bhairava Mudra
  3. Detoxification Mudra

Hand Mudras For Kidneys:

  1. Apana Mudra
  2. Matangi Mudra
  3. Makara Mudra
  4. Mukula Mudra
  5. Bhairava Mudra

Hand Mudras For Nerves:

  1. Vayu Mudra
  2. Vayan Mudra
  3. Shakti Mudra
  4. Shunya Mudra

Hand Mudras For Bones:

  1. Aakash Mudra
  2. Apana Vayu Mudra
  3. Vayu Mudra
  4. Varuna Mudra

List Of Hand Mudras By Benefits:

Hand Mudras For Fitness:

  • Akash Mudra
  • Prana Mudra
  • Prithivi Mudra
  • Mukula Mudra
  • Suchi Mudra
  • Naga Mudra

Hand Mudras For Mensuration:

  • Yoni Mudra
  • Kundalini Mudra
  • Jal Shaamak Mudra
  • Garuda MUdra
  • Surabhi Mudra

Hand Mudras For Obesity, Weight Loss:

  • Surya Mudra
  • Shiva Linga Mudra
  • Linga MUdra
  • Prithivi Mudra

Hand Mudras For Self Confidence:

  • Kubera Mudra
  • Aakash Mudra
  • Uttarabodhi Mudra
  • Dhyani Mudra
  • Detoxification Mudra

Hand Mudras For Positive Thinking:

  • Aakash Mudra
  • Kalesvara Mudra
  • Ksepana Mudra
  • Dhyani Mudra
  • Dharmachakra Mudra

Hand Mudras For Joint Pain:

  • Apana Vayu Mudra
  • Mukula MUdra
  • Varuna Mudra
  • Anjali Mudra
  • Vayu Mudra

Hand Mudras For Fever:

  • Lotus Mudra
  • Prithivi Mudra

Hand Mudras For Insomnia:

  • Shakti Mudra
  • Gyan Mudra

Hand Mudras For Skin:

  • Prithivi Mudra
  • Mukula Mudra
  • Varuna MUdra
  • Apana Mudra
  • Ksepana Mudra

Hand Mudras For Blood:

  • Vajra Mudra
  • Prana Mudra
  • Garuda Mudra
  • Apana Mudra
  • Kanishtha Mudra
  • Mushthi Mudra
  • Varuna Mudra
  • Vayan Mudra

Hand Mudras For Sperm:

  • Jal Shaamak Mudra
  • Kundalini Mudra

Hand Mudras For Back Pain:

  • Back MUdra
  • Vayu Mudra
  • Apana Vayu Mudra

Hand Mudras For Constipation:

  • Suchi Mudra
  • Mushthi Mudra
  • Kanishtha Mudra

Hand Mudras For Stress:

  • Mushthi Mudra
  • Makara MUdra
  • Tse Mudra
  • Gyan or Chin Mudra
  • Kalesvara Mudra
  • Garuda Mudra
  • Hakini Mudra
  • Mahasirs Mudra
  • Anjali Mudra
  • Uttarabodhi Mudra

Hand Mudras For Cold and Cough:

  • Linga Mudra
  • Shiva Linga Mudra
  • Shankh Mudra
  • Bronchial Mudra
  • Prithvi Mudra
  • Vayu Mudra

Hand Mudras For Glands:

  • Surabhi Mudra
  • Surya Mudra

Hand Mudras For Pregnant Ladies:

  • Apana Mudra

Hand Mudras For Hair Loss:

  • Prithivi Mudra
  • Prana Mudra
  • Vayu Mudra
  • Prasanna Mudra

Hand Mudras For Cholesterol:

  • Surya Mudra
  • Shiva Linga Mudra
  • Linga Mudra
  • Prithivi Mudra

Hand Mudras For Diabetes:

  • Prithivi Mudra
  • Apana MUdra

Hand Mudras For Shoulder Pain:

  • Bronchial Mudra
  • Linga MUdra
  • Shiva Linga MUdra
  • Prana Mudra
  • Shankh Mudra
  • Ksepana Mudra

Hand Mudras For Bronchial Diseases:

  • Bronchial mudra
  • Linga Mudra
  • Shiva Linga Mudra
  • Prana Mudra
  • Shankh MUdra
  • Ksepana Mudra

Hand Mudras For Mouth:

  • Varuna Mudra
  • Apana Mudra
  • Prithivi Mudra
  • Matanngi Mudra
  • Aakash Mudra
  • Apana Mudra

Hand Mudras For Headache:

  • Mahasirs Mudra
  • Surya MUdra
  • Apana Vayu Mudra

Hand Mudras For De-Addiction:

  • Vajra Mudra
  • Detoxification Mudra
  • Kalesvara Mudra

Hand Mudras For Asthma:

  • Asthma Mudra
  • Bronchial Mudra
  • Shankh Mudra
  • Shiva Linga Mudra
  • Surya Mudra

Hand Mudras For Thyroid:

  • Surabhi Mudra
  • Shunya Mudra
  • Surya Mudra

Hand Mudras For Nerves:

  • Vayu mudra
  • Vayan Mudra
  • Shakti Mudra
  • Shunya MUdra

That was everything about hand mudras. If you think I missed something please mention it in the comments section.

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Categories: Yoga

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